Performance test of the synergetic use of simulated lidar and microwave radiometer observations for mixing-layer height detection
Document typeConference report
PublisherInternational Society for Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Rights accessRestricted access - author's decision
There are several instruments and methods to retrieve the atmospheric Mixing Layer Height (MLH). However, none of these instruments or methods can measure the development of the MLH under all atmospheric conditions. For example, aerosol signatures measured by backscatter lidars can be used to determine the MLH but this approach is reasonable only when the atmosphere is well-mixed. Microwave Radiometer (MWR) derived pro les have low vertical resolution and cannot resolve ne structures in the boundary layer, especially, at higher altitudes. Here we propose a method which combines data from a ground-based lidar and a MWR, in simulated as well as real measurements scenarios, to overcome these limitations. The method works by tting an erf-like transition model function to the section of range-corrected lidar backscatter signal. The section of the lidar backscatter signal for tting the model function is obtained by incorporating the MWR estimates of MLH along with their uncertainties. The tting is achieved by using an extended Kalman lter (EKF). The proposed approach, by exploiting the synergy between the two instruments, enables to detect MLH with original vertical and temporal resolutions. Test cases combining simulated data for a co-located lidar-ceilometer and a MWR are presented. The simulated data is obtained from the Dutch Atmospheric Large Eddy Simulation (DALES) model for boundarylayer studies. Doppler wind lidar along with radiosondes (whenever available) data is used to assess the quality of the synergetic MLH estimates. Data from the HD(CP)2 Observational Prototype Experiment (HOPE) campaign at J ulich, Germany is used to test the proposed method.
CitationSaeed, U., Rocadenbosch, F., Crewell, S. Performance test of the synergetic use of simulated lidar and microwave radiometer observations for mixing-layer height detection. A: SPIE International Symposium - Remote Sensing Europe. "Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere XX: 23-24 September 2015, Toulose, France". Amsterdam: International Society for Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE), 2014, p. 1-10.