In this paper we present and analyze new sequential and parallel heuristics to approximate the Minimum Linear Arrangement problem (MinLA). The heuristics consist in obtaining a first global solution using Spectral Sequencing and improving it locally through Simulated Annealing. In order to accelerate the annealing process, we present a special neighborhood distribution that tends to favor moves with high probability to be accepted. We show how to make use of this neighborhood to par- allelize the Metropolis stage on distributed memory machines by mapping partitions of the input graph to processors and performing moves concurrently. The paper reports the results obtained with this new heuristic when applied to a set of large graphs, including graphs arising from finite elements methods and graphs arising from VLSI applications. Compared to other heuristics, the measurements obtained show that the new heuristic improves the solution quality, decreases the running time and offers an excellent speedup when ran on a commodity network made of nine personal computers.
CitationPetit, J. "Combining spectral sequencing with simulated annealing for the MinLA problem: sequential and parallel heuristics". 1997.
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