The impact of visual feedback on the motor control of the upper-limb
Document typeConference report
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Rights accessOpen Access
Stroke is a leading cause of adult disability with upper-limb hemiparesis being one of the most frequent consequences. Given that stroke only affects the paretic arm’s control structure (the set of synergies and activation vectors needed to perform a movement), we propose that the control structure of the non-affected arm can serve as a physiological reference to rehabilitate the paretic arm. However, it is unclear how rehabilitation can effectively tune the control structure of a patient. The use of Visual Feedback (VF) is recommended to boost stroke rehabilitation, as it is able to positively modify neural mechanisms and improve motor performance. Thus, in this study we investigate whether VF can effectively modify the control structure of the upper-limb. We asked six neurologically intact subjects to perform a complete upper-limb rehabilitation routine comprised of 12 movements in absence and presence of VF. Our results indicate that VF significantly increases inter-limb similarity both in terms of synergies and activation coefficients. However, the magnitude of improvement depended upon each subject. In general, VF brings the control structure of the nondominant side closer to the control structure of dominant side, suggesting that VF modifies the control structure towards more optimized motor patterns. This is especially interesting because stroke mainly affects the activation coefficients of patients and because it has been shown that the control of the affected side resembles that of the nondominant side. In conclusion, VF may enhance motor performance by effectively tuning the control-structure. Notably, this finding offers new insights to design improved stroke rehabilitation.
CitationUrra, O., Casals, A., Jane, R. The impact of visual feedback on the motor control of the upper-limb. A: IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. "2015 37th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC 2015)". Milan: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2015, p. 3945-3948.
- Departament d'Enginyeria de Sistemes, Automàtica i Informàtica Industrial - Ponències/Comunicacions de congressos 
- GRINS - Robòtica Intel·ligent i Sistemes - Ponències/Comunicacions de congressos 
- BIOSPIN - Biomedical Signal Processing and Interpretation - Ponències/Comunicacions de congressos