Active measurement of memory resource consumption
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Hierarchical memory is a cornerstone of modern hardware design because it provides high memory performance and capacity at a low cost. However, the use of multiple levels of memory and complex cache management policies makes it very difficult to optimize the performance of applications running on hierarchical memories. As the number of compute cores per chip continues to rise faster than the total amount of available memory, applications will become increasingly starved for memory storage capacity and bandwidth, making the problem of performance optimization even more critical. We propose a new methodology for measuring and modeling the performance of hierarchical memories in terms of the application’s utilization of the key memory resources: capacity of a given memory level and bandwidth between two levels. This is done by actively interfering with the application’s use of these resources. The application’s sensitivity to reduced resource availability is measured by observing the effect of interference on application performance. The resulting resource-oriented model of performance both greatly simplifies application performance analysis and makes it possible to predict an application’s performance when running with various resource constraints. This is useful to predict performance for future memory-constrained architectures.
CitacióCasas, Marc; Bronevetsky, Greg. Active measurement of memory resource consumption. A: 28th IEEE International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium. "Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium, 2014 IEEE 28th International". Phoenix (Arizona): IEEE, 2014, p. 995-1004.