Airborne GNSS-R, thermal and optical data relationships for soil moisture retrievals
Document typeConference lecture
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Rights accessRestricted access - publisher's policy
New remote sensing techniques based on the analysis of the Earth's surface-reflected signal from the Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS-Reflectometry, or GNSS-R in short) are emerging. Soil moisture and vegetation status are some of the potential parameters that could be also retrieved from these sources. However, the complex interactions between the soil-vegetation interface can lead to spurious effects on the reflected signal. In order to study these effects, an airborne campaign was developed in an experimental area in Spain in August, 2014. A new GNSS-R-based instrument was flown together with thermal and optical cameras mounted on a paramotor. Ground measurements of soil moisture were taken during the flight. Maps at very high spatial resolution of reflectivity, Land Surface Temperature (LST) and the Digital Surface Model (DSM) were jointly analyzed, together with the ground observations. The results showed an important influence of the topography (i.e., the local incidence angle) on the GNSS-R reflectivity, and promising patterns relating reflectivity with soil moisture and LST were found. However, owing the dry soil and weather conditions during the experiment, further tests are needed over different environment and climatic conditions
CitationSánchez, N., Alonso-Arroyo, A., González-Zamora, Á., Martinez, J., Camps, A., Vall-llossera, M., Pablos, M., Herrero, C. Airborne GNSS-R, thermal and optical data relationships for soil moisture retrievals. A: IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. "2015 IEEE International Geoscience & Remote Sensing Symposium: proceedings: July 26–31, 2015: Milan, Italy". Milan: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2015, p. 4785-4788.
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