NURBS-enhanced finite element method (NEFEM)
PublisherWiley and Sons
Rights accessOpen Access
An improvement to the classical finite element (FE) method is proposed. It is able to exactly represent the geometry by means of the usual CAD description of the boundary with non-uniform rational B-splines (NURBS). Here, the 2D case is presented. For elements not intersecting the boundary, a standard FE interpolation and numerical integration are used. But elements intersecting the NURBS boundary need a specifically designed piecewise polynomial interpolation and numerical integration. A priori error estimates are also presented. Finally, some examples demonstrate the applicability and benefits of the proposed methodology. NURBS-enhanced finite element method (NEFEM) is at least one order of magnitude more precise than the corresponding isoparametric FE in every numerical example shown. This is the case for both continuous and discontinuous Galerkin formulations. Moreover, for a desired precision, NEFEM is also more computationally efficient, as shown in the numerical examples. The use of NEFEM is strongly recommended in the presence of curved boundaries and/or when the boundary of the domain has complex geometric details. The possibility of computing an accurate solution with coarse meshes and high-order interpolations makes NEFEM a more efficient strategy than classical isoparametric FE.
This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article: Sevilla, R.; Fernandez, S.; Huerta, A. NURBS-enhanced finite element method (NEFEM). "International journal for numerical methods in engineering", Octubre 2008, vol. 76, núm. 1, p. 56-83., which has been published in final form at http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/117912616/abstract
CitationSevilla, R.; Fernandez, S.; Huerta, A. NURBS-enhanced finite element method (NEFEM). "International journal for numerical methods in engineering", Octubre 2008, vol. 76, núm. 1, p. 56-83.