Sustainability assessment of national rural water supply program in Tanzania
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Sustainability of rural water supply programs in developing countries is still an elusive goal. It is widely accepted that, as a rule, they have failed to deliver benefits to society in the long run. Emphasis has frequently been placed on the short-term activities. Fast production of new schemes is thus a common strategy, prioritizing the engineering component, while sidestepping social and participatory issues and community empowerment. In 2006, the Government of Tanzania launched a national program to meet water sector targets set out in the Millennium Development Goals by the year 2015. In this study we evaluate key features of the program on a sustained basis. There is evidence that the Government is promoting more sustained facilities, focusing on cost recovery and on 'decentralization by devolution'. Nevertheless, there are several shortcomings which threaten the long-term functionality of the infrastructure that has to be built. In light of the implementation of the program, and based on the outputs of its pilot phase, we review the factors that can determine its sustainability.
This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article: Giné, R.; Pérez, A. Sustainability assessment of national rural water supply program in Tanzania. "Natural resources forum", Novembre 2008, vol. 32, núm. 4, p. 327-342., which has been published in final form at http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/121517446/abstract?CRETRY=1&SRETRY=0
CitacióGiné, R.; Pérez, A. Sustainability assessment of national rural water supply program in Tanzania. "Natural resources forum", Novembre 2008, vol. 32, núm. 4, p. 327-342.