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TOA-based trilateration constitutes an interesting choice to locate terminals employing WLAN networks. A major limitation of this technique is the requirement for hardware modifications in the WLAN device in order to achieve accurate ranging. This paper presents an approach that overcomes this limitation. It is based on RTT measurements performed through time-stamping
the transmission and reception of IEEE 802.11 MAC frames from the WLAN driver’s code, employing the CPU clock as time-base. Some statistical processing is needed in order to mitigate the noise of the measurements. This paper presents experimental results obtained with a prototype showing ranging errors of a few meters when applied to estimate distances up to 25 meters in both indoor and outdoor environments.
CitationCiurana, M.; López, D.; Barcelo-Arroyo, F. SofTOA: software ranging for TOA-based positioning of WLAN terminals. A: International Symposium on Location and Context Awareness. "4th. International Symposium on Location and Context Awareness". Springer Verlag, 2010.
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