Quench dynamics of dipolar fermions in a one-dimensional harmonic trap
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We study a system of few fermions in a one-dimensional harmonic trap and focus on the case of dipolar majority particles in contact with a single impurity. The impurity is used both for quenching the system and for tracking the system evolution after the quench. Employing exact diagonalization, we investigate relaxation and thermalization properties. In the absence of dipolar interactions, the system dynamics remains oscillatory even on long time scales. On the other hand, repulsive as well as attractive dipolar interactions lead to quick relaxation to the diagonal ensemble average, which is significantly different from corresponding thermal averages. A Wigner-shaped level spacing distribution indicates level repulsion and thus chaotic dynamical behavior due to the presence of dipolar interactions.