Image enhancement with Matlab algorithms
Tutor / director / evaluatorVillardi de Montlaur, Adeline de
Document typeBachelor thesis
Rights accessOpen Access
Nowadays, a lot of applications use digital images. For example in face recognition to detect and tag persons in photograph, for security control, and a lot of applications that can be found in smart cities, as speed control in roads or highways and cameras in traffic lights to detect drivers ignoring red light. Also in medicine digital images are used, such as x-ray, scanners, etc. These applications depend on the quality of the image obtained. A good camera is expensive, and the image obtained depends also in external factor as light. To make these applications work properly, image enhancement is as important as, for example, a good face detection algorithm. Image enhancement also can be used in normal photograph, for pictures done in bad light conditions, or just to improve the contrast of an image. There are some applications for smartphones that allow users apply filters or change the bright, colour or contrast on the pictures. This project compares four different techniques to use in image enhancement. After applying one of these techniques to an image, it will use better the whole available dynamic range. Some of the algorithms are designed for greyscale images and others for colour images. Matlab software is used to develop and present the final results. These algorithms are Successive Means Quantization Transform (SMQT), Histogram Equalization, using Matlab function and own implemented function, and V transform. Finally, as conclusions, we can prove that Histogram equalization algorithm is the simplest of all, it has a wide variability of grey levels and it is not suitable for colour images. V transform algorithm is a good option for colour images. The algorithm is linear and requires low computational power. SMQT algorithm is non-linear, insensitive to gain and bias and it can extract structure of the data.