Nonlinear equations for fractional laplacians II: existence, uniqueness, and qualitative properties of solutions
Document typePart of book or chapter of book
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This paper, which is the follow-up to part I, concerns the equation (-Delta)(s)v + G'(v) = 0 in R-n, with s is an element of (0, 1), where (-Delta)(s) stands for the fractional Laplacian-the infinitesimal generator of a Levy process.; When n = 1, we prove that there exists a layer solution of the equation (i.e., an increasing solution with limits +/- 1 at +/-infinity) if and only if the potential G has only two absolute minima in [-1, 1], located at +/- 1 and satisfying G'(-1) = G'(1) = 0. Under the additional hypotheses G ''(-1) > 0 and G ''(1) > 0, we also establish its uniqueness and asymptotic behavior at infinity. Furthermore, we provide with a concrete, almost explicit, example of layer solution.; For n >= 1, we prove some results related to the one-dimensional symmetry of certain solutions-in the spirit of a well-known conjecture of De Giorgi for the standard Laplacian.
CitationCabre, X., Yannick, S. Nonlinear equations for fractional laplacians II: existence, uniqueness, and qualitative properties of solutions. A: "Transactions of the American Mathematical Society". 2015, p. 911-941.