Checkpoint-based Fault-tolerant Infrastructure for Virtualized Service Providers
Document typeConference report
PublisherIEEE Computer Society Publications
Rights accessOpen Access
Crash and omission failures are common in service providers: a disk can break down or a link can fail anytime. In addition, the probability of a node failure increases with the number of nodes. Apart from reducing the provider’s computation power and jeopardizing the fulfillment of his contracts, this can also lead to computation time wasting when the crash occurs before finishing the task execution. In order to avoid this problem, efficient checkpoint infrastructures are required, especially in virtualized environments where these infrastructures must deal with huge virtual machine images. This paper proposes a smart checkpoint infrastructure for virtualized service providers. It uses Another Union File System to differentiate read-only from read-write parts in the virtual machine image. In this way, read-only parts can be checkpointed only once, while the rest of checkpoints must only save the modifications in read-write parts, thus reducing the time needed to make a checkpoint. The checkpoints are stored in a Hadoop Distributed File System. This allows resuming a task execution faster after a node crash and increasing the fault tolerance of the system, since checkpoints are distributed and replicated in all the nodes of the provider. This paper presents a running implementation of this infrastructure and its evaluation, demonstrating that it is an effective way to make faster checkpoints with low interference on task execution and efficient task recovery after a node failure.
CitationGoiri, I. [et al.]. Checkpoint-based Fault-tolerant Infrastructure for Virtualized Service Providers. A: 2010 IEEE/IFIP Network Operations and Management Symposium. "2010 IEEE/IFIP Network Operations and Management Symposium". Osaka: IEEE Computer Society Publications, 2010, p. 455-462.