Solving the response time variability problem by means of the electromagnetism-like mechanism
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The response time variability problem (RTVP) is an NP-hard combinatorial scheduling problem that has been recently formalised in the literature. The RTVP has a wide range of real-life applications such as in the automobile industry, when models to be produced on a mixed-model assembly line have to be sequenced under a just-in-time production. The RTVP occurs whenever products, clients or jobs need to be sequenced so as to minimise variability in the time between the instants at which they receive the necessary resources. In two previous studies, three metaheuristic algorithms (a multi-start, a GRASP and a PSO algorithm) were proposed to solve the RTVP. We propose solving the RTVP by means of the electromagnetism-like mechanism (EM) metaheuristic algorithm. The EM algorithm is based on an analogy with the attraction-repulsion mechanism of the electromagnetism theory, where solutions are moved according to their associated charges. In this paper we compare the proposed EM metaheuristic procedure with the three metaheuristic algorithms aforementioned and it is shown that, on average, the EM procedure improves strongly on the obtained results.
CitacióGarcía-Villoria, A.; Pastor, R. Solving the response time variability problem by means of the electromagnetism-like mechanism. "International journal of productIon research", 11 Desembre 2009.