Common variants in NLRP2 and NLRP3 genes are strong prognostic factors for the outcome of HLA-identical sibling allogeneic stem cell transplantation
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The inflammasomes are macromolecular cytosolic complexes involved in the production of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and IL-18 in response to several pathogen-derived stimuli. Such interleukins have been implicated in the origin of severe allogeneic stem cell transplant (allo-SCT) complications. We analyzed the relationship between the interindividual variability in inflammasome protein-encoding genes in donors and patients and clinical outcome after allo-SCT. Fourteen common genetic variants in 5 genes of the inflammasome, namely, NLRP1, NLRP2, NLRP3, CARD8, and CASP5, were genotyped in 133 human leukocyte antigen-identical sibling pairs undergoing allo-SCT. In the multivariate analysis, donor variants in NLRP2 and NLRP3 were the most important prognostic factors for the clinical outcome after allo-SCT. Thus, donor TT genotype at rs10925027 in NLRP3 was associated with disease relapse (odds ratio (OR) = 6.3, P = 1 x 10(-7)), and donor GG genotype at rs1043684 in NLRP2 was associated with nonrelapse mortality (OR = 4.4, P = 6 x 10(-4)) and overall survival (OR = 3.1, P = .001). In addition, patient AA genotype at rs5862 in NLRP1 was associated with nonrelapse mortality (OR = 2.8, P = .005) and overall survival (OR = 2.0, P = .009). These results suggest that inflammasome genetic variants are important prognostic factors for the outcome of allo-SCT. If validated in larger studies, including unrelated allo-SCT, NLRPs genotype would become an important factor in donor selection.
CitationGranell, M. [et al.]. Common variants in NLRP2 and NLRP3 genes are strong prognostic factors for the outcome of HLA-identical sibling allogeneic stem cell transplantation. "Blood", 04 Setembre 2008.