Coastal observatories for monitoring of fish behaviour and their responses to environmental changes
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The inclusion of behavioural components in the analysis of a community is of key relevance in marine ecology. Diel and seasonal activity rhythms or more longlasting changes in behavioural responses determine shifts in population, which in turn affect measurable abundances. Here, we review the value of cabled videoobservatories as a new and reliable technology for the remote, long-term, and highfrequency monitoring of fishes and their environment in coastal temperate areas. We provide details on the methodological requirements and constraints to appropriately measure fish behaviour at day-night and seasonal temporal scales from fixed videostations. In doing so, we highlight the relevance of an accurate monitoring capacity of the surrounding environmental variability. We present examples of multiparametric video, oceanographic, and meteorological monitoring made with the western Mediterranean platform OBSEA (www.obsea.es; 20 m water depth). Results are reviewed in relation to future developments of cabled observatory science, which will greatly improve its monitoring capability due to: i. the application of Artificial Intelligence to aid in analysis of increasingly large, complex, and highly interrelated biological and environmental data, and ii. the design of future geographic observational networks to allow for reliable spatial analysis of observed populations
CitationAguzzi, J.; Doya, C.; Del Rio, J. Coastal observatories for monitoring of fish behaviour and their responses to environmental changes. "Reviews in fish biology and fisheries", 18 Maig 2015, p. 1-21.