Modeling the hydrogeochemical evolution of brine in saline systems: case study of the Sabkha of Oum El Khialate in South East Tunisia
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We studied the effects of evaporation and groundwater flow on the formation of salt minerals in the Sabkha of Oum El Khialate in South East Tunisia, which contains large amounts of sulfate sodium mineral deposits. Due to the fact that there are no important surface water bodies present in this sabkha, transport of solutes is dominated by advection rather than mixing in lakes. For our study we used both analytical conservative and numerical reactive transport models. Results showed that salinity varies with distance and may reach very high levels near a watershed where the groundwater flux is zero. As a consequence, reactive transport simulations results showed that more minerals precipitate and water activity decreases values near this watershed. Model results also showed that a sequence of precipitating minerals could be deduced after 140,000 years. From the boundary of the sabkha towards the watershed the mineral sequence was dolomite, gypsum, magnesite, bloedite, halite and mirabilite. It was found that the amounts as well as the mineral precipitation distribution strongly depend on salinity and rates of inflowing water. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
CitationNasri , N. [et al.]. Modeling the hydrogeochemical evolution of brine in saline systems: case study of the Sabkha of Oum El Khialate in South East Tunisia. "Applied geochemistry", Abril 2015, vol. 55, p. 160-169.