An all-digital self-adaptive clock generation system capable of adapt the clock frequency to compensate the effects of PVTA variations on the IC propagation delay and satisfy an externally set propagation length condition is presented. The design uses time-to-digital converters (TDCs) to measure the propagation length and a variable length ring oscillator (VLRO) to synthesize the clock signal. The VLRO naturally adapts its frequency to the PVTA variations suffered by its logic gates while the TDCs are used to track these variations across the chip and modify the VLRO length in order to adapt the clock frequency to them. The system measurements, for a 45nm FPGA, show that it adapts the VLRO length, and therefore the clock frequency, to satisfy the propagation length condition. Measurements also prove the system capabilities to act as a dynamic frequency scaling clock source since the propagation length condition value act as a frequency selection input and a strong linear relation between the input value and the resultant clock period is present.
CitationPerez, J.; Calomarde, A.; Moll, F. All-digital self-adaptive PVTA variation aware clock generation system for DFS. A: European Workshop on CMOS Variability. "Proceedings of the 5th European Workshop on CMOS Variability". Palma de Mallorca: 2014, p. 1-4.
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