Building the role of local government authorities towards the achievement of the human right to water in rural Tanzania
Rights accessOpen Access
In recent decades, many changes have occurred in the approach to financing and operating water services in developing countries. The demand-responsive approach is now adopted in many countries in a context of donor-supported decentralization processes, which gives more responsibility to end users. However, the government's responsibility at different levels is enforced by the international recognition of the human right to water. This paper examines specific actions that build the role of local government authorities in this scenario. A collaboration between an international NGO and a rural district in Tanzania from 2006 to 2009 is used as an action research case study that is representative of local capacity-building needs in decentralized contexts and rural areas. Three main challenges were detected: i) lack of reliable information; ii) poor allocation of resources in terms of equity; and iii) lack of long-term community management support from the district. Two mechanisms were established: i) water point mapping as a tool for information and planning; and ii) a District Water and Sanitation Unit Support (DWUS) for community management. The results show how the framework provided by the goal of human right to water helps to define useful strategies for equity-oriented planning and post-project support at the local level.
CitationJiménez, A.; Pérez-Foguet, A. Building the role of local government authorities towards the achievement of the human right to water in rural Tanzania. "Natural resources forum", Maig 2010, vol. 34, núm. 2, p. 93-105.