Phase diagram of dipolar bosons in two dimensions with tilted polarization
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We analyze the ground state of a system of dipolar bosons moving in the XY plane and such that their dipolar moments are all aligned in a fixed direction in space. We focus on the general case where the polarization field forms a generic angle a with respect to the Z axis. We use the path-integral ground-state method to analyze the static properties of the system as both a and the density n vary over a wide range where the system is stable. We use the maximum of the static structure function as an order parameter to characterize the different phases and the transition lines among them. We find that, in addition to a superfluid gas and a solid phase, the system reaches a stripe phase at large tilting angles that is entirely induced by the anisotropic character of the interaction. We also show that the quantum phase transition from the gas to the stripe phase is of second order and report approximate values for the critical exponents.
CitationMacia, A.; Boronat, J.; Mazzanti, F. Phase diagram of dipolar bosons in two dimensions with tilted polarization. "Physical review A", 01 Desembre 2014, vol. 90, núm. 6, p. 1-5.