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We give subquadratic algorithms that, given two necklaces each with n beads at arbitrary positions, compute the optimal rotation of the necklaces to best align the beads. Here alignment is measured according to the ℓ p norm of the vector of distances between pairs of beads from opposite necklaces in the best perfect matching. We show surprisingly different results for p=1, p=2, and p=∞. For p=2, we reduce the problem to standard convolution, while for p=∞ and p=1, we reduce the problem to (min,+) convolution and (median,+) convolution. Then we solve the latter two convolution problems in subquadratic time, which are interesting results in their own right. These results shed some light on the classic sorting X + Y problem, because the convolutions can be viewed as computing order statistics on the antidiagonals of the X + Y matrix. All of our algorithms run in o(n 2) time, whereas the obvious algorithms for these problems run in Θ(n 2) time
CitationBremner, D. [et al.]. Necklaces, convolutions, and X plus Y. "Algorithmica", 01 Juny 2014, vol. 69, núm. 2, p. 294-314.
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