Atmospheric phase screen compensation in ground-based sar with a multiple-regression model over mountainous regions
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Rights accessRestricted access - publisher's policy
In this paper, a new model-based technique for the compensation of severe height-dependent atmospheric artifacts, using ground-based synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data over mountainous regions, is proposed. The method presented represents an extension of already existing techniques, but now taking into account the effect of steep topography in the atmospheric phase screen compensation process. In addition, the technique is adapted to work with polarimetric SAR data, showing, in that case, a noticeable improvement in the compensation process. The method is validated in the mountainous environment of El Forn de Canillo, located in the Andorran Pyrenees, where there is a slow-moving landslide that nowadays is being reactivated coinciding with strong rain episodes. In this framework, ten zero-baseline fully polarimetric data sets have been acquired at X-band during a one-year measurement campaign (October 2010-October 2011) with the GB-SAR sensor developed at the Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya. First, the impact of the severe atmospheric fluctuations among multitemporal GB-SAR measurements is carefully studied and analyzed. Hence, the need to correctly estimate and compensate the resulting phase differences when retrieving interferometric information is put forward in the frame of differential-SAR-interferometry applications.
CitationIglesias, R. [et al.]. Atmospheric phase screen compensation in ground-based sar with a multiple-regression model over mountainous regions. "IEEE transactions on geoscience and remote sensing", 01 Maig 2014, vol. 52, núm. 5, p. 2436-2449.
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