The transition to three-dimensional and unsteady flow in an annulus with a discrete heat source on the inner cylinder is studied numerically. For large applied heat flux through the heater (large Grashof number Gr), there is a strong wall plume originating at the heater that reaches the top and forms a large scale axisymmetric wavy structure along the top. For Gr approximate to 6 x 109, this wavy structure becomes unstable to three-dimensional instabilities with high azimuthal wavenumbers m similar to 30, influenced by mode competition within an Eckhaus band of wavenumbers. Coexisting with some of these steady three-dimensional states, solution branches with localized defects break parity and result in spatio-temporal dynamics. We have identified two such time dependent states. One is a limit cycle that while breaking spatial parity, retains spatio-temporal parity. The other branch corresponds to quasi-periodic states that have globally broken parity. (C) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC.
CitacióMarques, F.; Lopez, J. Three-dimensional instabilities in a discretely heated annular flow: onset of spatio-temporal complexity via defect dynamics. "Physics of fluids", 10 Juny 2014, vol. 26, núm. 6, p. 1-17.