Improving the accuracy of soil moisture retrievals using the phase difference of the dual-polarization GNSS-R interference patterns
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Soil moisture (SM) is a key parameter in the climate studies at a global scale and a very important parameter in applications such as precision agriculture at a local scale. The Global Navigation Satellite Systems Interference Pattern Technique (IPT) has proven to be a useful technique for the determination of SM, based on observations at vertical polarization (V-Pol) due to the Brewster angle. The IPT can be applied at both V-Pol and horizontal polarization (H-Pol) at the same time, observing the Brewster angle only at V-Pol. This letter presents a measurement technique based on tracking the phase difference between V-Pol and H-Pol interference patterns to improve the accuracy of the Brewster angle determination and, consequently, that of the SM retrievals. This technique benefits from the different phase behavior of the reflection coefficients between H-Pol and V-Pol in the angular observation range. To be sensitive to the phase difference, the Rayleigh criterion for smooth surfaces must be accomplished. This technique is not sensitive to topography as it is intrinsically corrected. Experimental results are presented to validate the proposed algorithm.
CitacióAlonso-Arroyo, A. [et al.]. Improving the accuracy of soil moisture retrievals using the phase difference of the dual-polarization GNSS-R interference patterns. "IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters", 01 Desembre 2014, vol. 11, núm. 12, p. 2090-2094.