Modeling injury rates as a function of industrialized versus on-site construction techniques
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It is often predicted that the industrialization of building activities will lead to a reduction of accident rates in the construction sector, particularly as a result of switching activities from building sites to factories. However, to date no scientific research has provided objective quantitative results to back up this claim. The aim of this paper is to evaluate how industrialization affects the accident rate in different industrialized building systems in Spain. Our results revealed that the industrialized steel modular system presents the lowest accident rate, while the highest accident rate was recorded in the construction method with cast-in-place concrete. The lightweight construction system also presents a high accident rate. Accordingly, industrialized building systems cannot claim to be safer than traditional ones. The different types of “on-site work” seem to be the main variable which would explain the accident rates recorded in industrialized construction systems.
CitationRubio, J.; Suárez, M.; Abad, J. Modeling injury rates as a function of industrialized versus on-site construction techniques. "Accident analysis and prevention", Maig 2014, vol. 66, p. 8-14.