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One of the most important issues in aircraft noise monitoring systems is the correct detection and marking of aircraft sound events through their measurement profiles, as this influences the reported results. In the recent ISO 20906 (unattended monitoring of aircraft sound in the vicinity of airports) this marking task is split into: detection from the sound level time history, classification of probable aircraft sound events, and the concluding identification of aircraft sound events through non-acoustic features.
An experiment was designed to evaluate the factors that influence the marking tasks and quantify their contribution to the uncertainty of the reported monitoring results for some specific cases. Several noise time histories, recorded in three different locations affected by flyover noise, were analyzed by practitioners selected according to three different expertise levels. The analysis was carried out considering three types of complementary information: noise recordings, list of aircraft events and no information at all.
Five European universities and over 60 participants were involved in this experiment.
The results showed that there were no significant differences in the results derived from factors such as the participant’s institution or the expertise of the practitioners. Nonetheless, other factors, like the noise event dynamic range or the type of help used for marking, have a statistically significant influence on the marking tasks. They cause an increase of the uncertainty of the reported monitoring and can lead to changes in the overall results.
The experiment showed that, even when there are no classification and identification errors, the detection stage causes uncertainty in the results. The standard uncertainty for detection ranges from 0.3 dB for those acoustic environments where aircraft are clearly detectable to almost 2 dB in more difficult environments.
CitacióAsensio, A. [et al.]. Aircraft noise-monitoring according to ISO 20906: evaluation of uncertainty derived from the human factors affecting event detection. "Applied acoustics", 2012, vol. 73, núm. 1, p. 1-11.
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