Building an antifouling zwitterionic coating on urinary catheters using an enzymatically triggered bottom-up approach
Rights accessRestricted access - publisher's policy
Catheter associated urinary tract infections are common during hospitalization due to the formation of bacterial biofilms on the indwelling device. In this study, we report an innovative biotechnology-based approach for the covalent functionalization of silicone catheters with antifouling zwitterionic moieties to prevent biofilm formation. Our approach combines the potential bioactivity of a natural phenolics layer biocatalytically conjugated to sulfobetaine-acrylic residues in an enzymatically initiated surface radical polymerization with laccase. To ensure sufficient coating stability in urine, the silicone catheter is plasma-activated. In contrast to industrial chemical methods, the methacrylate-containing zwitterionic monomers are polymerized at pH 5 and 50 °C using as an initiator the phenoxy radicals solely generated by laccase on the phenolics-coated catheter surface. The coated catheters are characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Fourier transformed infrared (FTIR) analysis, atomic force microscopy (AFM), and colorimetrically. Contact angle and protein adsorption measurements, coupled with in vitro tests with the Gram-negative Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus in static and dynamic conditions, mimicking the operational conditions to be faced by the catheters, demonstrate reduced biofilm formation by about 80% when compared to that of unmodified urinary catheters. The zwitterionic coating did not affect the viability of the human fibroblasts (BJ-5ta) over seven days, corresponding to the extended useful life of urinary catheters.
CitationDiaz, C. [et al.]. Building an antifouling zwitterionic coating on urinary catheters using an enzymatically triggered bottom-up approach. "ACS applied materials and interfaces", 23 Juny 2014, vol. 6, núm. 14, p. 11385-11393.
- SPPT - Superfícies, Productes i Processos Tèxtils - Articles de revista 
- GBMI - Grup de Biotecnologia Molecular i Industrial - Articles de revista 
- Departament d'Enginyeria Química - Articles de revista 
- Departament de Física i Enginyeria Nuclear (fins octubre 2015) - Articles de revista 
|Building an Antifouling Zwitterionic Coating.pdf||4.328Mb||Restricted access|