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The efficient distribution of water is a subject of major concern for water utilities and authorities . While some leaks in water distribution networks (WDNs) are unavoidable, one of the main challenges in improving the efficiency of drinking water networks is to minimize leaks. Leaks can cause significant economic losses in fluid transportation and extra costs for the final consumer due to the waste of energy and chemicals in water treatment plants. Leaks may also damage infrastructure and cause third-party damage and health risks. In many WDNs, losses due to leakage are estimated to account up to 30% of the total amount of extracted water ; a very important issue in a world struggling to satisfy water demands of a growing population.
CitationPerez, R. [et al.]. Leak localization in water networks: a model-based methodology using pressure sensors applied to a real network in Barcelona. "IEEE control systems magazine", 01 Agost 2014, vol. 34, núm. 4, p. 24-36.
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