The influence of fractional diffusion in Fisher-KPP equations
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We study the Fisher-KPP equation where the Laplacian is replaced by the generator of a Feller semigroup with power decaying kernel, an important example being the fractional Laplacian. In contrast with the case of the standard Laplacian where the stable state invades the unstable one at constant speed, we prove that with fractional diffusion, generated for instance by a stable Lévy process, the front position is exponential in time. Our results provide a mathematically rigorous justification of numerous heuristics about this model.
CitationCabre, X.; Roquejoffre, J. The influence of fractional diffusion in Fisher-KPP equations. "Communications in mathematical physics", 2013, vol. 320, núm. 3, p. 679-722.