PublisherNational Hellenic Research Foundation, Institute of Historical Research
Rights accessOpen Access
In 1717 the King Philip V established the Royal Guards Headquarters (Cuartel de
Guardias de Corps), mirroring the French garde du corps du roi. Intended mainly for
noblemen, it was an elitist institution, all its members having the rank of officers and
benefitting from huge privileges. Towards the end of 1750 an Academy of
Mathematics (Academia de Matemáticas) was created within the Royal Guards
Headquarters, under the direction of Captain Pedro Padilla (1724-1807?). This
academy was ruled by the same regulations as the Military Academy of Mathematics
of Barcelona (1720-1803).1 Attendance was not mandatory; it was only devised for
those interested in getting a deeper mathematical knowledge. In fact, rather than its
real practical use for the Royal Guards, mathematics was studied as a mark of
prestige as Hidalgo (1991) pointed out.
CitationBlanco, M.; Puig, C. Pedro Padilla and his Mathematical Course (1753-1756): views on mixed mathematics in eighteenth-century Spain. A: International Conference of the European Society for the History of Science. "Scientific cosmopolitanism and local cultures: religions, ideologies, societies: proceedings, Athens 1-3 November 2012". Athens: National Hellenic Research Foundation, Institute of Historical Research, 2012, p. 336-342.
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