Hydrothermal assisted synthesis of iron oxide-based magnetic silica spheres and their performance in magnetophoretic water purifcation
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Porous Magnetic Silica (PMS) spheres of about 400 nm diameter were synthesised by one-pot process using the classical St¿ber method combined with hydrothermal treatment. Maghemite nanoparticles (¿-Fe2O3) were used as fillers and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) was used as templating agent. The application of the hydrothermal process (120 °C during 48 h) before the calcination leads to the formation of homogeneous and narrow size distribution PMS spheres. X-ray diffraction patterns (XRD), Infrared measurements (FTIR) and Transmission Electron microscopy (TEM) methods were used to determine the composition and morphology of the obtained PMS spheres. The results show a homogeneous distribution of the ¿-Fe2O3 nanoparticles in the silica matrix with a “hollow-like” morphology. Magnetophoresis measurements at 60 T m-1 show a total separation time of the PMS spheres suspension of about 16 min. By using this synthesis method, the limitation of the formation of silica spheres without incorporation of magnetic nanoparticles is overcome. These achievements make this procedure interesting for industrial up scaling. The obtained PMS spheres were evaluated as adsorbents for Ni2+ in aqueous solution. Their adsorption capacity was compared with the adsorption capacity of magnetic silica spheres obtained without hydrothermal treatment before calcination process. PMS spheres show an increase of the adsorption capacity of about 15% of the initial dissolution of Ni2+ without the need to functionalize the silica surface.
CitationCaparros, C. [et al.]. Hydrothermal assisted synthesis of iron oxide-based magnetic silica spheres and their performance in magnetophoretic water purifcation. "Materials chemistry and physics", 06 Maig 2012, vol. 135, p. 510-517.