Passive wake-up radios: from devices to applications
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Energy efficiency is one of the most important criteria in the design of a wireless sensor network. Sensor nodes are usually battery-powered and thus have very limited lifetime. In this paper, we introduce a novel passive wake-up radio device named WISP-Mote that uses a passive RFID tag as a wake-up receiver for a traditional sensor node. We characterize the WISP-Mote with field tests in different operating environments and present the wake-up probabilities based on the distance between the wake-up transmitter and receiver. We then perform simulations to compare the performance of a network with WISP-Motes and with duty-cycling of the sensor nodes, using the wake-up probabilities measured in our field tests. Additionally, potential applications that can benefit from WISP-Motes are discussed, and the advantages of using WISP-Motes are identified by simulation results based on these application scenarios. Results show that the wake-up radio sensor networks have great potential over duty-cycling approaches for energy efficiency, while providing similar latency and packet delivery performances. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
CitationBa, H.; Demirkol, I.; Heinzelman, W. Passive wake-up radios: from devices to applications. "Ad hoc networks", Novembre 2013, vol. 11, núm. 8, p. 2605-2621.
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