Models for atmospheric propagation delays
Document typePart of book or chapter of book
PublisherInternational Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service Central Bureau
Rights accessOpen Access
Techniques operated for the realization of the IERS reference systems make use of electromagnetic signals received on the surface of the Earth. During their transit of the atmosphere, the signals experience delays which must be modeled in the analysis software. This chapter presents models for the propagation of optical signals in the troposphere (9.1), for radio signals in the troposphere (9.2) and for radio signals in the ionosphere (9.4). For Doppler techniques which use time- di erenced phases as observables, the models presented in this chapter should be time-di erenced as well.
CitationPetrie, E.; Hernandez, M. Models for atmospheric propagation delays. A: "IERS Conventions (2010)". Frankfurt am Main: International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service Central Bureau, 2012, p. 132-150.