Non-autonomous hamiltonian systems and Morales-Ramis theory
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In this paper we present an approach towards the comprehensive analysis of the non-integrability of differential equations in the form $\ddot x=f(x,t)$ which is analogous to Hamiltonian systems with $1+1/2$ degree of freedom. In particular, we analyze the non-integrability of some important families of differential equations such as Painlevé II, Sitnikov and Hill-Schrödinger equation. We emphasize in Painlevé II, showing its non-integrability through three different Hamiltonian systems, and also in Sitnikov in which two different version including numerical results are shown. The main tool to study the non-integrability of these kind of Hamiltonian systems is Morales-Ramis theory. This paper is a very slight improvement of the talk with the same title delivered by the author in SIAM Conference on Applications of Dynamical Systems 2007.