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Direct foundations are present in about 25% of the installed offshore wind power towers. The peculiarities of this type of structure are well known: high dynamic sensitivity, complex couplings between environmental actions, machine operation and structural response, complex installation and maintenance, difficult site investigation. There is a clear need for optimized foundation design tools that would enable cost reduction and a more detailed assessment of the risk of every installation. One such tool is likely to be the systematic use of failure envelopes for capacity checks. The paper explores the benefits of such an approach with various realistic design examples.
CitationArroyo, M. [et al.]. Shallow foundations for offshore wind towers. A: International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering. "Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering". Paris: 2013, p. 2303-2306.
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