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This paper proposes a proportional plus damping injection (P + d) controller for bilateral teleoperators in the operational
space. Unit quaternions are used to describe the endeffectors’ orientation since they exhibit the well known property of being a singularity-free representation. The proposed
controller does not need the measurement of the velocities, instead a passivity–based filter is used. Under the reasonable assumptions that the human operator and the environment define passive maps from force to velocity, it is proved that velocities and pose (position and orientation) errors between the local and the remote manipulators are bounded. Moreover, in the case that the human and the environment forces are zero, the velocities and pose errors converge asymptotically to zero.
Finally, experimental validation using two robots of 6-Degreesof-Freedom (DoF) shows the effectiveness of the proposed control scheme.
CitationAldana, C.; Nuño, E.; Basañez, L. Control of bilateral teleoperators in operational space without velocity measurements. A: IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems. "Proceedings IROS 2013". Tokyo: 2013, p. 5445-5450.
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