Poly(butylene azelate-co-butylene succinate) copolymers: Crystalline morphologies and degradation
Rights accessRestricted access - publisher's policy
Random copolymers derived from 1,4-butanediol and two dicarboxylic units differing in the parity of the number of methylene groups and length of the polymethylene sequence (i.e. succinic and azelaic acids) were studied in terms of thermal properties, crystalline structure and morphology, crystallization kinetics and biodegradability. All samples were semicrystalline and their thermal properties varied in a wide temperature range. Copolymers crystallized according to the monoclinic α-form of polybutylene succinate and the orthorhombic structure postulated for polybutylene azelate depending on the predominant dicarboxylate unit. The behavior of the copolymer with an intermediate composition was complex due to strong dependence of the predominant crystalline form on crystallization and processing conditions. Interestingly, crystallization into the azelate structure was favored when samples were rapidly cooled from the melt, resulting in an unexpected increase in the degree of crystallinity. Spherulitic morphologies were clearly different (i.e. ringed spherulites and axialites) depending on the preferential crystalline structure. Enzymatic degradability of the two homopolyesters was highly different and could be enhanced by incorporation of comonomer units. Preferential enzymatic attack on amorphous regions highlighted the spherulitic morphologies of copolymers having well developed, distinctive ringed structures.
CitationDiaz, A. [et al.]. Poly(butylene azelate-co-butylene succinate) copolymers: Crystalline morphologies and degradation. "Polymer degradation and stability", Gener 2014, vol. 99, núm. 1, p. 80-91.