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The present paper presents a passive acoustic method for aircraft tracking. The Acoustical Doppler Effect, characteristic of signals received by a mesh of spatially distributed microphones is the basis of the method. A one-dimensional version of the Ambiguity function permits the calculation of the frequency stretch factor that exists between the sound signals received by a pair of microphones. The expression for this frequency stretch is a function of the aircraft position and velocity which are estimated by a Genetic Algorithm. The method is suitable for all kinds of aircraft and requires only seven microphones plus the prior knowledge of only the aircraft position and velocity at a given time. Results are given for a simulation test of a 3D straight trajectory of the aircraft and for a sound-propagation model which considers geometrical spreading and atmospheric absorption of sound for a homogeneous medium. The influence of the atmospheric absorption is evaluated and the independence of the method with respect to microphone distribution is proven. The performance of the tracking method has also been evaluated in front of possible inaccuracy on the microphones synchronization.
CitationMartin, S.R. [et al.]. Aircraft tracking by means of the Acoustical Doppler Effect. "Aerospace science and technology", Juliol 2013, vol. 28, núm. 1, p. 305-314.
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