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Bleached cellulose with good end-properties (_90% ISO brightness and 62% cellulose preservation) was obtained by using a totally chlorine-free biobleaching process (TCF). Unbleached sulphite cellulose was treated with Trametes villosa laccase in combination with violuric acid. This enzymatic stage (L) was followed by a chelating stage (Q) and then by a hydrogen peroxide stage reinforced with pressurized oxygen (Po), resulting to an overall LQPo sequence. The use of violuric acid was dictated by the results of a preliminary study, where the bleaching efficiency of various natural (syringaldehyde and p-coumaric acid) and synthetic mediators (violuric acid and 1-hydroxybenzotriazole) were assessed. The outstanding results obtained with laccase-violuric acid system fulfil most of the characteristics of commercial dissolving pulp, totally acceptable for viscose manufacturing or CMC derivatives, with the added advantage that the enzymatic treatment saved 2 h of reaction time and about 70% of hydrogen peroxide consumption, relative to a conventional sequence (Po)
CitationQuintana, E. [et al.]. An enzyme-catalysed bleaching treatment to meet dissolving pulp characteristics for cellulose derivatives applications. "Bioresource technology", Novembre 2013, vol. 148, p. 1-8.
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