Shaping the ultrafast temporal correlations of thermal-like photons
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We show that the temporal correlations between two light beams arising from a broadband thermal-like source can be controlled in the femtosecond regime. Specifically, by introducing spectral phase-only masks in the path of one of the beams, we show that the timing and strength of the photon correlations can be programmed on demand. This example demonstrates that the interbeam second-order coherence function propagates as a phase-sensitive ultrafast wave packet in the path towards the detectors, and is thus, susceptible to be modified by acting on just one of the beams. For quite some time, it has been thought that this could only happen with sources showing time-energy entanglement. Our work shows that such a property is due to the existence of a certain type of correlation, but not necessarily the entanglement
CitationTorres, V.; Perez, J.; Friberg, A. Shaping the ultrafast temporal correlations of thermal-like photons. "Physical review letters", 14 Desembre 2012, vol. 109, núm. 24, p. 1-5.