Implementation of a spatial two-dimensional quantum random walk with tunable decoherence
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We put forward a versatile and highly scalable experimental setup for the realization of discrete two-dimensional quantum random walks with a single-qubit coin and tunable degree of decoherence. The proposed scheme makes use of a small number of simple optical components arranged in a multipath Mach-Zehnder-like configuration, where a weak coherent state is injected. Environmental effects (decoherence) are generated by a spatial light modulator, which introduces pure dephasing in the transverse spatial plane perpendicular to the direction of propagation of the light beam. By controlling the characteristics of this dephasing, one can explore a great variety of scenarios of quantum random walks: pure quantum evolution (ballistic spread), fast fluctuating environment leading to a diffusive classical random walk, and static disorder resulting in the observation of Anderson localization
CitationSvozilik, J.; León, R.; Perez, J. Implementation of a spatial two-dimensional quantum random walk with tunable decoherence. "Physical review A", Novembre 2012, vol. 86, núm. 5, p. 1-6.