High spatial entanglement via chirped quasi-phase-matched optical parametric down-conversion
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By making use of the spatial shape of paired photons, parametric down-conversion allows the generation of two-photon entanglement in a multidimensional Hilbert space. How much entanglement can be generated in this way? In principle, the infinite-dimensional nature of the spatial degree of freedom renders unbounded the amount of entanglement available. However, in practice, the specific configuration used, namely, its geometry, the length of the nonlinear crystal, and the size of the pump beam, can severely limit the value that could be achieved. Here we show that the use of quasi-phase-matching engineering allows one to increase the amount of entanglement generated, reaching values of tens of ebits of entropy of entanglement under different conditions. Our work thus opens a way to fulfill the promise of generating massive spatial entanglement under a diverse variety of circumstances, some more favorable for its experimental implementation.
CitationSvozilik, J.; Perina, Jr., J.; Perez, J. High spatial entanglement via chirped quasi-phase-matched optical parametric down-conversion. "Physical review A", Novembre 2012, vol. 86, p. 1-5.