On-board calibration of bidimensional aperture synthesis radiometers with a large number of antennas by the standard correlated noise injection method is technologically very critical because of the stringent requirements on mass, volume, and phase equalization of the noise distribution network. A novel approach, which makes use of a set of uncorrelated noise sources uniformly distributed in the array, is proposed. Each noise source drives correlated noise only to a small set of adjacent antennas. These sets of antennas are overlapped in order to maintain phase and modulus track along the array. This approach reduces drastically mass and volume of the noise distribution network. Moreover, its phase matching requirement is strongly relaxed because it is only necessary within small sets of adjacent antennas. Power stability of the uncorrelated noise sources is also not a stringent requirement. This procedure allows independent phase and modulus calibration by making use of a reduced number of redundant correlations.
CitationTorres, F.; Camps, A.; Bará, J.; Corbella, I.; Ferreror, R. On-board phase and modulus calibration of large aperture synthesis radiometers: study applied to MIRAS. IEEE Transactions on geoscience and remotes sensing, 1996, vol. 34, núm. 4, p. 1000-1009.
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