Effect of residual lignin and heteropolysaccharides in nanofibrillar cellulose and nanopaper from wood fibers
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Unbleached (UN), oxygen-delignified and fully-bleached (FB) birch fibers with a residual lignin content of ca. 3, 2 and\1 %, respectively, were used to produce nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) and nanopaper by using an overpressure device. The tensile index, elongation and elastic modulus of nanopaper were compared and the effect of residual cellwall components accessed. Under similar manufacturing conditions, UN NFC produced nanopaper with a density of 0.99 g/cm3, higher than that from FB NFC (0.7 g/cm3). This translated in much lower air permeability in the case of UN nanopaper (1 and 11 mL/min for UN and FB samples, respectively). Fundamentally, these observations are ascribed to the finer fibrils produced during microfluidization of UN fibers compared to those from lower yield counterparts(AFMroughness of 8 and 17 nm and surface areas of 124 and 98 m2/g for NFC from UN and FBfibers, respectively).As a result, values of stress at break and energy absorption of nanopaper from high yield fibers are distinctively higher than those from fully bleached NFC. Interactions of water with the surface and bulk materialwere affected by the chemical composition and structure of the nanofibrils. While UN nanopaper presented higher water contact angles their sorption capacity (and rate of water absorption) was much higher than thosemeasured for nanopaper from FB NFC. These and other observations provided in this contribution are proposed to be related to the mechanoradical scavenging capacity of lignin in high shear microfluidization and the presence of residual heteropolysaccharides
CitationFerrer, A. [et al.]. Effect of residual lignin and heteropolysaccharides in nanofibrillar cellulose and nanopaper from wood fibers. "Cellulose", Desembre 2012, vol. 19, núm. 6, p. 2179-2193.
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