4He adsorbed outside a single carbon nanotube
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The phase diagrams of 4He adsorbed on the external surfaces of single armchair carbon nanotubes with radii in the range 3.42–10.85 Å are calculated using the diffusion Monte Carlo method. For nanotubes narrower than a (10,10) one, the ground state is an incommensurate solid similar to the one found for H2 on the same substrates. For wider nanotubes, the phase with the minimum energy per particle is a liquid layer. Curved √3×√3 registered solids similar to the ones found on graphene and graphite were unstable for all the tubes considered.
CitationGordillo, M.; Boronat, J. 4He adsorbed outside a single carbon nanotube. "Physical review B: condensed matter and materials physics", 08 Octubre 2012, vol. 86, núm. 16, p. 1-6.