Macroporous silicon photonic crystals for gas sensing
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EditorInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
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In this paper we study a compact gas sensor based on a photonic crystal built from macroporous silicon. Its sensing mechanism is based in the absorption of infrared light by a gas. Photonic crystals are structured materials which can be engineered to have photonic bandgaps. They also can be tailored to create localized states inside the bandgaps. We exploit the possibility to confine light inside a cavity with very high-Q, which allows for long interaction time between the gas and light. Simulation of different 2-D and 3-D structures have been done to extract the appropriate dimensions for gas detection, and their optical behaviour. Resonant cavities were created by adding defects in the ordered geometrical structure, thus creating a single state and confining the trapped light in a crystal bandgap. The structures were tested by simulating the presence of ethanol inside the structures.
CitacióVega, D.; Reina, J.; Rodriguez, A. Macroporous silicon photonic crystals for gas sensing. A: Spanish Conference on Electron Devices. "Proceedings of the 2013 Spanish Conference on Electron Devices: CDE 2013: February 12-14, 2013: Valladolid, Spain". Valladolid: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2013, p. 143-146.
Versió de l'editorhttp://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/abs_all.jsp?arnumber=6481363
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