Monitoring an earthfill dam using differential SAR interferometry: La Pedrera dam, Alicante, Spain
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Surface displacement at the dykes of La Pedrera reservoir (SE Spain) has been measured by satellite differential Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) interferometry. At the main dyke, a displacement of about 13 cm along the satellite line of sight has been estimated between August 1995 and May 2010, from a dataset composed by ERS-1, ERS-2 and Envisat-ASAR images. Two independent short-term processing tasks were also carried out with ERS-2/Envisat-ASAR (from June 2008 to May 2010) and TerraSAR-X (from August 2008 to June 2010) images which have shown similar spatial and temporal displacement patterns. The joint analysis of historical instrument surveys and DInSAR-derived data has allowed the identification of a long-term deformation process which is reflected at the dam's surface and is also clearly recognizable in the inspection gallery. The plausible causes of the displacements measured by DInSAR are also discussed in the paper. Finally, DInSAR data have been used to compute the long-term settlement of La Pedrera dam, showing a good agreement with external studies. Consequently, this work demonstrates the integration of DInSAR with in-situ techniques which helps provide a complete spatial vision of the displacements in the dam thereby helping to differentiate the causal mechanisms.
CitationTomás, R. [et al.]. Monitoring an earthfill dam using differential SAR interferometry: La Pedrera dam, Alicante, Spain. "Engineering geology", 08 Maig 2013, vol. 157, p. 21-32.
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