Numerical simulation of the turbulent fluid flow through valves based on low mach models
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The aim of the present paper is to carry out a group of numerical experiments over the fluid flow through the valve reed, using the CFD&HT code TermoFluids, an unstructure d and parallel object-oriented CFD code for accurate and reliable solving of industrial flows (Lehmkuhl, O. et al. 2007 ) with special attention on incompressible hypothesis against low Mach compressible flow modeling, as a critic al numerical aspect depending on Reynolds number and gap thickness conditions. In all studied cases a multi-dimensional explicit finite volume fractional-step based algorithm extended to simulate low Mach fluxes using a Runge-Kutta/Crank-Nicholson time integration scheme, with a symmetry preserving discretization has been used. When turbulence modeling is needed, an extension of the WALE (Wall Adapting Local Eddy-viscosity) (Nicoud, F. and Ducros, F., 1999) model to non-structured meshes is applied. The pressure equation is solved by means of parallel Fourier Schur decomposition solver which is an efficient direct solver for loosely coupled PC clusters (Borrell, R. et al. 2011). In a two dimensional periodic way the fluid flow is approach ed by two parallel phenomena (an entrance flow through a channel and a free jet through a surface). In that sense, the present paper is focused on the numeri cal simulation model of the fluid flow through the valve reeds, considering a simplified geometry of an axial hole plus a radial diffuser. The numerical results presented are based on a specific geome try – valve diameter D is 3 times orifice diameter d, while s/d ratio is 0.6 – considering high Reynolds number at the entrance as boundary condition. The studied cases show the influence from laminar to turbulent flow from incompressible assumption to lower subsonic conditions and/or chocked flow.
CitacióRigola, J. [et al.]. Numerical simulation of the turbulent fluid flow through valves based on low mach models. A: International Compressor Engineering Conference. "2012 Compressor/Refrigeration & Air Conditioning/ High Performance Buildings Conferences at Purdue". Purdue: 2012, p. 1375, 1-1375, 8.
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