Polymorphism in halogen-ethane derivatives: CCl3-CCl3 and ClF2C-CF2Cl
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The polymorphism of hexachloroethane, Cl3C−CCl3, has been reinvestigated by means of X-ray and neutron scattering. The long time unknown structure of the intermediate phase II of Cl3C−CCl3 has been determined as monoclinic C2/m, with lattice parameters a = 17.9835(21) Å, b = 10.3642(11) Å, c = 6.3014(8) Å, and β = 94.410(5)° at 323 K, Z = 6. The polymorphism of 1,2-dichloro-1,1,2,2-tetrafluoro-ethane, ClF2C−CF2Cl, has also been investigated, and the structure of the intermediate phase II has been found to be orthorhombic (Cmca, Z = 4) with lattice parameters a = 6.305(4) Å, b = 10.177(12) Å, c = 8.714 (7) Å. The high-temperature phase I of ClF2C− CF2Cl has been found to be isomorphous with the orientationally disordered phase I of Cl3C−CCl3 (body centered cubic, Im3̅m), a consequence of the pseudospherical molecular shape of halogeno-ethane C2X6−nYn (X = Cl, Y = F) molecular crystals. The similarities of the intricate disorder of the intermediate phases II of both Cl3C−CCl3 and ClF2C−CF2Cl compounds are analyzed, together with the influence of the conformational disorder appearing in the last compound.
CitationNegrier, P. [et al.]. Polymorphism in halogen-ethane derivatives: CCl3-CCl3 and ClF2C-CF2Cl. "Crystal growth and design", 06 Febrer 2013, vol. 13, núm. 2, p. 782-791.