GEMINI: geosynchronous SAR for Earth monitoring by interferometry and imaging
Document typeConference report
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Rights accessRestricted access - publisher's policy
In this paper we discuss a preliminary design for a constellation of geosynchronous (GEO) Synthetic Aperture Radars (SAR). The key design concept is to employ one or more pairs of closely-spaced twin receivers flown onboard GEO minisatellites moving with a velocity of few meters per second with respect to the Earth’s surface, so as to form a synthetic aperture on the order of few tenths of kilometers twice a day. The employement of closely-spaced receivers would enable the estimation of the temporal gradient of the tropospheric delay via along track Interferometry, resulting in the possibility to coherently integrate the signal over an aperture time on the order of hours. As a result an area as wide as one thousand kilometers could be imaged while providing: i) continuous temporal coverage at coarse resolution (hundreds of meters); ii) high resolution (few meters) imaging and interferometric capabilities two or more times a day by integrating the signal over few hours, thus ensuring high SNR performance (for stable targets) with a transmitted power com- parable to currently operated spaceborne SARs.
CitationMonti , A. [et al.]. GEMINI: geosynchronous SAR for Earth monitoring by interferometry and imaging. A: IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. "IGARSS 2012: International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium". Munich: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2012, p. 210-213.