Rights accessRestricted access - publisher's policy
This paper summarizes results obtained by the 2009–2010 field campaigns conducted in northeastern Spain using a high speed camera, VHF interferometer, VLF lightning location system and scintillation detectors for energetic radiation. The main purpose was to obtain new insight into the lightning processes which emit x/γ radiation. For just one (very close) lightning strike, 99 x-ray pulses were emittedwithin 0.86 ms and had an energy higher that 10 keV. This burst was associated with the final stages of a downward negative leader. The high-speed camera data also allowed to identify various previously unreported features in different types of cloud-to-ground lightning flashes. At video frame rates of 10,000 fps, some branches of negative leaders of cloud-to-ground flashes were illuminated for the duration of only one frame. During positive cloud-to-ground flashes, the high speed videos showed an intense activity of recoil leaders. In the case of intra-cloud lightning, the VHF interferometer network did not present a clear relation between detections and visible leader. Instead, bursts of VHF detections corresponded visually to a long-lasting bright channel under the cloud base
CitationMontaña, J. [et al.]. High-speed video of lightning and x-ray pulses during the 2009–2010 observation campaigns in northeastern Spain. "Atmospheric research", 01 Novembre 2012, vol. 117, p. 91-98.
All rights reserved. This work is protected by the corresponding intellectual and industrial property rights. Without prejudice to any existing legal exemptions, reproduction, distribution, public communication or transformation of this work are prohibited without permission of the copyright holder. If you wish to make any use of the work not provided for in the law, please contact: firstname.lastname@example.org